WAEC 2019 HISTORY OBJ & ESSAY VERIFIED ANSWERS
(i)He worked for the Royal Niger Company. He pursued negotiations with various kings and chiefs so as to gain recognition of the company’s power in the region and, by extension, that of the British over other European rivals.
(ii)Lugard was recalled by the British government so that he could organize a force of native Africans to defend British interests against the French in Lagos and Nigeria. His West African Frontier Force remained under Lugard’s command until December 1899.
(iii)Lugard served as high commissioner of the protectorate of Northern Nigeria. Various local potentates, such as the sultan of Sukoto, refused to accept the provisions of treaties that they had signed
(iv)Lugard had secured British control over all of Nigeria, though the military still confronted uprisings. His efforts also resulted in an improvement in British commerce; newly laid rail lines carried tin, peanuts, and cotton to the coast.
(v) Lugard favored indirect rule; by defeating indigenous rulers, he could control their peoples on behalf of the British. He accepted emirs who no longer traded slaves, acknowledged British authority, and introduced the measures that the British desired.
(i) By Mary Slessor; a Scottish missionary who worked tirelessly for women and children’s rights, and halted the practice of killing twins among the Efik people in southern Nigeria
(ii) By ending barbaric practices, Christianity began to be deeply engrained in the way of life of Nigerians after obtaining independence from Britain.
(iii) By guiding Family names, similar to those of former missionaries became common amongst Nigerians and many opted for Biblical names more often than before. These Christian names are more common in southern Nigeria where Christianity is the dominant religion.
(iv) By provided a platform for the establishment of western education in Nigeria. Western ideas of individualism and rationalism began to replace traditional values of communal living and existence. In schools, people were introduced to new ideologies, which spanned across different areas of human existence.
(v) By emergence of churches in Nigeria dates back to 1853 when St. Peter’s Church was founded in Lagos, Nigeria. It was founded by Catechist James White, Reverend Charles Gollmer and Reverend Ajayi Crowther, who later became Bishop. It was the first ever church building to be erected in Lagos. Over time, more churches were built in other cities as Christianity continued to spread in Nigeria.
– Etching tools
– Stainless steel edgesfoe dry points
– Sharpening Stones
(i)ICT provides opportunities for the
teaching of historical enquiry, including
the generation and testing of historical
hypotheses and problems, as opposed
to only learning historical facts
(ii)ICT and multimedia fit well with the multi-source nature of history – they
can give a ‘total picture’ and can allow
pupils to integrate evidence into their
(iii)ICT promotes collaboration
between pupils and can contribute to
the development of historical thinking
(iv)ICT helps to alleviate the constraints of writing and allows pupils to concentrate on the specific topic
or discussion – this encourages reflection, analysis and understanding
(v)ICT can be used to help teachers support, or scaffold, the development
of historical thinking and understanding at all levels
The three main groups that sittle in the colony are :
*The nova scotians